Periodontology is the branch of odontology that addresses aesthetic problems with tissue that supports the teeth (gum and bone), and which are caused by germs. The most common problems that affect the gums and which are caused by germs are gingivitis and periodontitis (more commonly known as pyorrhoea).
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, caused by the bacteria that form bacterial plaque and tartar or calculus (a hard deposit caused by the mineralisation of the plaque itself). Bacteria accumulate at the bottom of the teeth, next to the gum, producing inflammation and bleeding. Its main consequences are a reddening and inflammation of the gums, which can bleed during brushing or spontaneously. On occasions, it can cause bad breath and an unpleasant taste in the mouth. These signs and symptoms can be reversed. One of the problems with gingivitis is the chance that it can become periodontitis. Bleeding is an unequivocal sign of the condition.